Marcos Pena was in charge of closing the forum. “These commercial agreements are essential for us to develop,” said the chief of staff when referring to the country’s entry into the OECD.
Given the concerns of society with the changes that the Government is promoting, Peña said that “it is natural that there are fears on the part of society”, since “Argentina is a specialist country in accumulating failures”, but remarked that “it has everything to play in the first division of the world “.
In his speech, the official remarked that “without an integration to the world and without full awareness that we are part of a very globalized world, we have no possible future.” In reference to the previous administration, Peña said that “here we live a long time with ‘live with our own’, lock ourselves up and replace imports.” And he stressed that “you do not have to have a defensive and arrogant attitude, but a leading attitude.”
According to the head of the Cabinet, “entering the OECD is going to anchor us towards development. It will be a development based on institutions, committed to quality and integrity in public policies. “
However, he warned: “It is not that we entered and our problems ended. Hopefully that income is very soon, but it involves a lot of work. In a number of variables we are still far from where we should be. “
Peña recalled that Argentina has one of the most closed economies on the planet. “We have commercial agreements with only 10% of the countries. Without commercial agreements, growth is impossible. “
For Peña, joining the OECD, “like the presidency of the G20, can lead us to break the toxic climate” that exists in the country. He added that “the way to enter the OECD is a structural transformation”. Then he added: “There are many Argentines who want to go forward and show that we can. We have to train, work, avoid naiveties. There is a huge predisposition of the world for Argentina, but nobody is going to give us anything. It’s a unique opportunity, we have to take advantage of it. “
The other representative of the ruling party in the forum was the deputy Luciano Laspina. “There is no inclusive growth without laws, public policies and appropriate practices, that is, without the institutions that proved useful for that purpose. That is the agenda defined by Mauricio Macri to enter the OECD, “he said.
Argentina is in evaluation for its entry, for which 23 committees analyze their situation, according to Marcelo Scaglione, undersecretary in the Ministry of Finance and representative of the Argentine government before the OECD, who acted as moderator of one of the panels.
On the side of the opponents was Miguel Angel Pichetto. The leader of the block of Peronist senators remarked that “entering the OECD is important, it sets guidelines and it is better to be there than not, but it is not the solution in itself” of the country’s problems. The Rionegrin senator said that “Congress has contributed to provide Argentina with a set of rules to enter the OECD,” among which the law of money laundering, the law of corporate responsibility and tax reform.
Pichetto did not fail to mention that the administration of Mauricio Macri “assumed in 2015 with a global view and believing that investments would come”, but “that did not happen”.
“We have to enter these organizations, do it with caution, but do not believe that entering this place solves the problems of Argentina,” Pichetto finished.
Juan Manuel Urtubey, governor of Salta, the other opposition figure who spoke before the audience, called for “being a country with predictability” and stressed that, “in recent years,” the provinces signed “three very important fiscal pacts” that “allowed that we recover resources “.
Among the changes that the country needs in order to enter the OECD, the governor stated the importance of “advancing in the provinces-municipalities relationship”, because “we have made progress in the Nation-provinces relationship”. “The world begins to need us to have traceability,” said Urtubey, who came down from the podium and greeted him with a hug with Peña, who went up to address the audience.
Martín Zarich, president of BBVA, closed the debate before presenting Peña and pointed out that “the commitment to join the OECD is present in the three branches and in the different parties. The private sector has a very important role to play, it is a great reserve of human capital. This event contributes to the predictability and legacy that we will leave the next generations.